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May 4, 03:27 pm

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Adenosine (Powerful Healer)
          This molecule otherwise known as Adenosine Triphosphate (or ATP) is the main energy source for the majority of our cellular and muscular functions, including synthesis of DNA. In a 2009 study, topical application of Adenosine was found to have impressive results in wound healing.

Allantoin (Powerful Healer, Exfoliating, Moisturizer)
          This is a chemical compound found in the comfrey plant that has been shown to possess skin healing and sloughing properties. While it helps the skin to shed its outer epidermal layers it promotes healthy tissue formation and allows for the skin to readily absorb more moisture. It is used to treat wounds, burns, skin ulcers, eczema and any other skin abrasions.

Ascorbyl Glucoside (Protector, Possible Skin Lightener)
          Once Ascorbyl Glucoside permeates the skin, it is broken down into L-ascorbic acid exhibiting the same properties. This includes: high antioxidant activity that assists in collagen synthesis and inhibits melanin production (resulting in mild skin brightening properties).

Chamomile Flower Extract (Healer, Acne-Fighter)
          These are the active ingredients found in the chamomile flower and have been traditionally used to soothe and heal irritated skin. It is a powerful antioxidant that boasts anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties used for acne, sensitive skin and skin irritation.

Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate (Moisturizer, Mild Skin-Lightener, Healer)
          This is a conditioning salt derived from the licorice plant that has been shown to restore skin suppleness. Studies suggest it may also help inhibit skin’s melanin production making it a mild lightening agent that can prevent against hyper-pigmentation. It also has been shown to help reduce redness and irritation of skin conditions like psoriasis, rosacea and acne.

Oligopeptide-68 (Powerful Skin-Lightener)
          An artificially created peptide that is used to inhibit melanin synthesis and decrease the proteins involved in the pigmentation process. It is touted as being a more powerful and safer skin-lightener than arbutin.

Panthenol (Powerful Moisturizer, Healer, Acne-Fighter)
          A Vitamin B derivative, Panthenol is an effective moisturizer, anti-irritant and wound-healer, which is why it’s often used in sunburn treatment. Because it is deeply absorbed by the skin, it is also used in anti-bacterial acne treatment.

Phytosterols (Powerful Anti-Aging)
          These compounds are found in plants, with the highest concentrations found in vegetable oils, beans and nuts. Applied topically they have shown promising anti-aging benefits to the skin. In a study performed in Germany, various topical treatments were tested on skin for 10 days. The topical treatment that showed the most anti-aging benefits was the one that contained phytosterols and other natural fats. Phytosterols not only prevented the damaging effects of the sun, but actually encouraged new collagen production.

Sodium Hyaluronate (Powerful Moisturizer, Temporary Wrinkle-Reducer)
          Not to be confused with Hyaluronic acid (which is not absorbed by your skin topically), this common skin care ingredient is popular for its moisturizing abilities by hydrating the skin and also reducing water loss. It can hold more than 4000 times its weight in water. This usually results in a temporary plumping of the skin that can help to minimize the appearance of fine lines. Some skin care products may boast its ability to boost collagen production, but this is not backed by research.

Squalane (Protector)
          Found in shark’s liver and many vegetable oils, squalane is an antioxidant found in our sebum. The amount of squalane we produce peaks in our early 20s and rapidly declines as we age. It has been used to prevent UV damage and age spots.

Tocopherol (powerful protector)
          An incredibly bioavailable form of vitamin E that is easily absorbed by the skin. It was considered one of the most important lipid-soluble antioxidants because of its powerful protective effects of cell membranes from oxidation, thus preventing further skin damage.

Tocopheryl Acetate (Protector)
          A naturally occurring form of Vitamin E that provides powerful protection against the sun’s oxidative damaging effects.
          Tocopheryl acetate is considered a moderate hazard by the Cosmetics database. It should be noted that CIR has found strong evidence that it is a human skin toxicant and in vitro tests on mammalian cells showed positive mutation results linking it to cancer.

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